Medical director: Doc. Cinchini Elisabetta


Neurology: what it consists of and what it deals with

Neurology is the branch of internal medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases affecting the encephalon, spinal cord and neuromuscular system referring to both the neuropathic and myopathic components, as well as the pathology of neuromuscular transmission.

At Quisisana, an accredited private hospital, it is possible to undergo a neurological examination in Ferrara.

How the neurological examination takes place

The neurological examination must necessarily start with a complete anamnesis aimed at capturing all the elements that characterise the current pathology, previous pathologies and possible family or acquired risk factors, such as lifestyle habits, drug or toxic consumption. The collection of data should be completed by viewing all the investigations already carried out.

The neurological objective examination then verifies cognitive functions by means of an in-depth dialogue or the administration of dedicated clinical scales, and the normal development of motor and sensory functions of the cranial nerves and limbs, as well as the examination of balance and walking, by means of specific tests. The neurologist uses a gavel to study reflexes, a tuning fork, a cotton bud and a blunt tip to examine sensitivities.

Based on the clinical findings, the neurologist formulates a hypothesis of the location of the lesion and/or the pathology causing the disorders and prescribes the appropriate investigations for the diagnostic definition, which most frequently are: blood tests, neuroradiological (CT or MRI) and neurophysiological (EMG, Evoked Potentials) examinations.

No special preparation is required to undergo a neurological examination.

You can book this activity online

Quisisana provides the service of Neurology as a paid service, book your visit now, or contact us for more informations.

Which pathologies the neurologist treats

The neurologist is the specialist to turn to when one experiences suspicious symptoms such as headaches, especially if unaccustomed, changes in one's cognitive ability (ideomotor slowdown, memory disturbances, unexplained changes in character), doubled vision, dysphagia, reduced strength, altered motor co-ordination, frequent falls, recurrence of episodes of suspension of consciousness, altered sensitivities, with numbness, tingling or burning pain, exaggerated fatigability.

For some pathologies, the approach must necessarily involve other specialists such as, for example, the physiatrist, cardiologist, rheumatologist, neurosurgeon, ENT, pulmonologist, diabetologist, ophthalmologist or psychiatrist.

The pathologies treated by the neurologist are manifold; among the most frequently observed for diagnosis and/or follow-up are:

  • Cerebrovascular disorders (transient ischaemic attacks or TIAs, strokes, cerebral haemorrhages) to be framed for a definition of the possible cause (e.g. vascular or cardio-embolic) and to set the appropriate primary or secondary prevention
  • Headache and migraine
  • Movement disorders of the hypokinetic type such as Parkinson's disease and Parkinsonisms, dystonias, or of the hyperkinetic type such as tremors and chorea or ataxias
  • Dementia diseases
  • Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system such as Multiple Sclerosis
  • Brain, spinal cord and nerve neoplasms
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Peripheral neuropathies
  • Myasthenia
  • Myopathies

The following are performed at the Quisisana Outpatient Clinic

  • Neurological examination
  • Neurological check-up

Medical staff

  • Dr.ssa Tugnoli Valeria Specialist in neurology

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