Gastroenterology is a specialization that studies digestive diseases and the most effective methods of treatment.
The Gastroenterologist is therefore the doctor specialized in the diagnosis and therapy of diseases that can affect the various organs that make up the digestive system such as the esophagus, the stomach, the small intestine, the large intestine (colon, rectum), liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
The Gastroenterologist also studies the digestive motility, namely the movements of food since it is ingested until it reaches the last tract of intestine.
When is a gastroenterological examination required?
The symptoms for which you can seek help from the gastroenterologist, after consulting your family doctor, are numerous and often can involve multiple organs of the digestive system.
Among the most common we mention:
• Dyspeptic symptoms, that is the set of symptoms that characterize a "bad digestion" such as swelling and intestinal abdominal tension, nausea, sense of gastric replenishment, belching, etc.
• Persistent stomach ache
• Recurrent nausea and vomiting
• Disorders in the evacuation (constipation or diarrhea, evidence of blood during evacuation)
• Gastroesophageal reflux
• Stomach ache
• Dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing)
• Hiatal hernia
• Gastric or duodenal ulcer
• Diseases of the colon (intestinal polyps, Ulcerative Rettocolitis, Crohn's disease, Irritable Colon, Diverticula, etc.)
• Calculations of the gallbladder
• Food intolerances and/or allergies (lactose intolerance, celiac disease, etc.)
After having collected the medical history and visited the patient, the specialist may request laboratory and/or instrumental examinations in order to have useful elements for a more precise diagnosis.
Prof. Dr. Vincenzo Abbasciano
Dr. Vincenzo Matarese